National Power System

English

The Unified Power System (UPS RK) of the Republic of Kazakhstan is a combination of power plants, transmission lines and substations providing reliable and quality power supply to consumers in the country.

The government regulation in the electric power industry is carried out in order to:

  • meet to the maximum the consumers demand for energy and protect the rights of electricity and heat market participants by creating competitive conditions in the market ensuring the right for consumers to choose suppliers of electrical and thermal energy;
  • ensure reliable and stable operation of the electric power sector of the Republic of Kazakhstan;
  • unify the control over the electric power sector of the Republic of Kazakhstan as a critically important life-support system of economic and social complexes of the country.

The Ministry of Industry and New Technologies of the Republic Kazakhstan is the state authority performing control and management of the electric power industry.

The following issues fall within the competence of the Ministry:

  • implement the state policy in the electric power industry;
  • draw up development programmes for the electric power industry and monitor their fulfilment;
  • elaborate technical regulations in the electric power industry;
  • international cooperation in the electric power industry;
  • within the bounds of its competence elaborate and approve regulatory legal acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan in production, transmission and use of electricity and heat with the exception of technical regulations;
  • elaborate and approve regulatory legal acts, with the exception of technical regulations, regarding maintenance and safety, equipment performance, norms of electricity and heat consumption for technological needs of energy producing, transmission and supply organizations;
  • elaborate and approve technical standard documents in design, construction, maintenance and safety of electric power facilities, and operational, technical and economic characteristics of equipment, norms of electricity and heat consumption for technological needs of energy producers, which are not natural monopolies;
  • approve terms of reference for the development of investment programme;
  • enter into agreements and investment contracts with energy producing organizations;
  • monitor the fulfilment of investment obligations stipulated in agreements and investment programmes specified in investment contracts by energy producing organizations;
  • form a group of energy producing organizations;
  • approve the procedure for determining the guarantee supplier and its areas of responsibility;
  • specify the methodology, procedure and timing of energy assessment;
  • establish the procedure for drawing up the daily schedule of electricity generation and consumption;
  • determine the system operator and the operator of the centralised electric energy market;
  • define the specifics of operation and organization of the wholesale electric energy market for the regions not electrically communicated with the unified power system of the Republic of Kazakhstan on the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan;
  • perform other functions in accordance with the laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

The power industry is supervised and controlled by the public authority for state energy supervision and control - the Committee for State Energy Supervision under the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

The Committee for State Energy Supervision shall supervise and control:

  • the fulfilment of technical requirements in the electric power industry under regulatory legal acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan;
  • the operation and technical condition of power equipment of power stations, electric and heat networks, and electrical and heat-reclaiming facilities of consumers;
  • compliance with technical requirements for electricity and heat quality;
  • rational and economical use, optimization of electricity and heat production, transmission and consumption modes;
  • readiness of power stations, electric and heat networks for operation in the autumn and winter conditions.

The Committee for State Energy Supervision shall perform the following functions and tasks:

  • participate in the work of commissions inspecting power utilities to assess the readiness of facilities and equipment for operation in the winter conditions;
  • keep records of investigations of major operation disturbances of  power plants, heat and electric networks that caused the separation of the unified power system of the Republic of Kazakhstan into several parts, massive restriction of consumers in electrical and thermal energy, damage to large power equipment;
  • have access to electric and power units;
  • carry out periodic inspection of technical condition of power equipment of power stations, electric and heat networks, as well as consumers' power equipment;
  • organize qualification tests of knowledge of technical operation and safety rules by heads of the organizations engaged in production, transmission and distribution of electrical and thermal energy and their purchase for resale, control of technical condition and safe operation of electric and power units;
  • organize the energy  expert assessments at power facilities with respect to safe and efficient production, transmission, distribution and use of electrical and thermal energy, monitor the implementation of energy saving policy, inspect the energy efficiency of entities;
  • prepare the proposals on improvement of the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the electric power industry;
  • organize the elaboration of energy saving programme, regulatory and procedural acts, legal and economic mechanisms;
  • make proposals to owners of organizations about taking disciplinary actions against persons, who enabled accidents, incidents and other gross violations of technical requirements under regulatory legal acts in the electric power industry, or forward the materials to the relevant state authorities to bring administrative or criminal actions in accordance with the laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan against persons guilty of violating the laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the electric power industry.

The Agency on Regulation of Natural Monopolies of the Republic of Kazakhstan is the state body performing the management of natural monopolies and regulated markets (including those in the electric power industry) pursuant to the procedure established by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

The Agency for Protection of Competition of the Republic of Kazakhstan performs the regulatory and supervisory functions to control and regulate the market entities, protect and promote competition, and protect consumer rights in the activity area of market entities holding a dominate position at a specific product market (including the electric energy market).

The legislative and other regulatory legal acts effective in the electric power sector of the Republic of Kazakhstan:

  • The Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan 'On Electric Power Industry' dated 9 July 2004;
  • The Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan 'On Energy Saving' dated 25 December 1997;
  • Resolution of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan 'On measures for further development of market relations in the electric power industry of the Republic of Kazakhstan' No.190 dated 18 February 2004;
  • The Rules for organization and operation of the wholesale electric energy market of the Republic of Kazakhstan;
  • The Rules for rendering services by the System Operator, organization and operation of the system and ancillary services market;
  • The Rules for operation of the balancing electric energy market;
  • The Rules for organization and operation of the centralized electric energy trading in the Republic of Kazakhstan;
  • The Rules for organization and operation of the retail electric energy market, as well as access and provision of services on this market;
  • Grid Code rules.

Pursuant to the Decree of the President issued in October 2008, in order to improve the existing model of national companies management and enhance efficiency of state assets management, the Joint-Stock Company Sovereign Wealth Fund Samruk-Kazyna was established through the merge of Kazakhstan Holding for Management of State Assets Samruk and Kazyna Sustainable Development Fund.

The Sovereign Wealth Fund Samruk-Kazyna is a public holding company owning and managing the national companies in various spheres of economy including electric power industry, telecommunications, transport and national development institutes.

Structure of Kazakhstan Electric Power Industry

Annual Peak Load

The maximum load in 2017 was registered on 13 December at 07.00 PM making 14,194 MW. Compared to 2016 (21 November, 07.00 pm) the maximum load increased by 204 MW or by 1.5%.

The generation capacity was 14,216 MW, which is higher than in 2016 by 407 MW or by 2.9 %. External net power flow (deficiency) amounted to 22 MW including 1 MW import from Russia and 23 MW export to the Central Asia.

Electricity Generation

Annual Peak Load

The maximum load of14,823 MW in 2018 was registered on 25 December at 07.00 PM. Compared to 2017 (13 December 2017, 07.00 PM) the maximum load increased by 711 MW or 4.4%.

The generation was 14,555 MW, which is 339 MW or 2.4 % higher than in 2017.

At the same time, the external balance power flow (deficit) was 160 MW. This included 108 MW from Russia and 160 MW delivered from Central Asia.

Electricity generation

Electricity generation in 2018 in Kazakhstan was 106,797.1 million kWh, including:

Thermal

86,795.1 million kWh

Hydro

10,343.0 million kWh

Gas

9119.3 million kWh

Solar, wind and bio

539.7 million kWh

 Electricity generation in comparison to 2017 increased by 4,413.5 million kWh or 4.3 %.

The electricity generation increased at following power plants:

Ekibastuz GRES-1 JSC

by 4324.6 million kWh or 29.2%;

3-Energortalyk JSC (Shym. CHPP-3)

by 244.8 million kWh or 116.6%;

CHPP-3 of ALES JSC

by 191.5 million kWh or 19.2%;

CHPP-2 of Arcelor Mittal Temirtau JSC

by 17.3 million kWh or 1.0%;

Eurasian Energy Corporation JSC

by 418.9 million kWh or 2.9%;

Balkhash CHPP, Kazakhmys Energy LLP

by 39.7 million kWh or 3.7%;

CHPP-2 of ALES JSC

by 12.9 million kWh or 0.5%;

Zhezkazgan CHPP, Kazakhmys Energy LLP

by 37.5 million kWh or 3.2%;


Electricity generation decreased at following power plants:

Zhambyl HPP

by 759.9 million kWh or 29.8%;

GRES-2 of Kazakhmys Energy LLP

by 396.5 million kWh or 8.8%;

SevKazEnergoPetropavlovsk JSC

by 15.0 million kWh or 0.5%;

CHPP-3 of PavlodarEnergo JSC

by 182.8 million kWh or 5.6%;

CHPP-1, Aluminium of Kazakhstan JSC

by 187.8 million kWh or 8.1%;

Ekibastuz GRES-2 Power Plant JSC

by 59.0 million kWh or 1.1%;

 

Zhambyl GRES, due to the lack of gas supplies, was stopped from June 26 to October 8. One unit was put back into operation on October 9, the second one - on 17 October.

In comparison with the same period of 2017, electricity generation at hydropower plants of Kazakhstan decreased by 814.9 million kWh (7.3%). The generation profile of these power plants was dictated by agricultural water management and hydrological conditions.

The generation of electricity at thermal power plants and gas turbine power plants of Kazakhstan increased by 4,370.3 million kWh (5.3%) and by 746.7 million kWh (8.9%), respectively.

The structure of electricity generation in Kazakhstan as compared to 2017 is as follows:

 

2017, %

(reporting period)

2018, %

(reporting period)

Total

100.0

100.0

including TPP

80.5

81.3

          HPP

10.9

9.7

          GTPP

8.2

8.5

Solar, wind and bio

 

0.4

0.5

Electricity consumption

Electricity consumption in Kazakhstan in 2018 vs. 2017 increased by 5,371.7 million kWh or 5.5% to 103,228.3 million kWh. Consumption increased by 1,388.9 million kWh (6.8%) in Zone South,  by 2975.0 million kWh (4.6%) in Zone North and by 1,007.8 million kWh (8.1%) in Zone West of Kazakhstan.

Consumption increased at:

KazPhosphate LLP

by 399.2 million kWh or 23.5%;

ANPZ LLP

by 400.2 million kWh or 129.9%;

Transnational Company Kazchrome JSC Aktyubinsky  Ferroalloy Smelter

by 279.4 million kWh or 9.9%;

UKTMK JSC

by 238.9 million kWh or 54.2%;

Transnational Company Kazchrome JSC Aksu Ferroalloy Smelter

by 156.5 million kWh or 2.9%;

Sokolovsko-Sarbayskoe mining enterprise JSC

by 77.4 million kWh or 4.5%;

Kaz. Electrolysis plant JSC

by 79.5 million kWh or 2.2 %;

KazZinc LLP

by 46.5 million kWh or 1.7%;

Corporation Kazakhmys LLP (BCM)

by 15.4 million kWh or 7.9%;

Compared to 2017 the consumption increased at:

Kazakhmys Smelting LLP

by 35.2 million kWh or 3.3%;

Arcelor MittalTemirtau JSC

by 165.9 million kWh or 4.1%;

Corporation Kazakhmys LLP (ZhCM)

by 33.9 million kWh or 3.2%;

Aluminium of Kazakhstan JSC

by 1.2 million kWh or 0.1%;

Electricity consumption in 2018 increased in comparison with 2017 by 531.7 million kWh (5.1%) in Almaty Oblast, by 518.5 million kWh (13.6%) in Zhambyl Oblast, by 779.0 million kWh (4.2%) in Pavlodar oblast and by 620.5 million kWh (3.7%) in Karaganda Oblast.

The electricity consumption structure in the zones of Kazakhstan is as follows 

- Kazakhstan

103,228.3 million kWh or 100.0%

Zone North

67,856.3 million kWh or 65.7%

Zone South

21,940.1 million kWh or 21.3%

Zone West

13,431.9 million kWh or 13.0%


Power Flows

The net power flow in the reporting period on the border with Russia amounted to 3,566.0 million kWh (in 2017 net power flow to Russia was 4,528.2 million kWh). Electricity export to Russia amounted to 4,876.2 million kWh (5,788.1 million kWh in 2017), which is 911.9 million kWh (15.8%) higher than in 2017. Electricity imports from Russia amounted to 1,310.2 million kWh whch is 50.3 million kWh (or 4.0%) lower than in 2017 (1,259.9 million kWh). Export and import are presented net of the balancing electricity provided by Russia. 

The net power flow from the Central Asia (Kyrgyzstan) amounted to 2.8 million kWh. The export of electricity to Kyrgyzstan was 18.3 million kWh; the import was 15.5 million kWh.